Capital Area Minor
Note: The comparison below is between 12 man Canadian and 11 man American Football. Our games against
the American teams will be 8 man. See Rules section of Bantam page for details.
TACKLE FOOTBALL RULES VS USA RULES
the Canadian field is larger, similar in size
twelve men a side rather than eleven
ten yards must be made in three downs rather than four
the defensive line must stay a yard away from the ball at the scrimmage
because of the above rule, a play can never start inside the defending
team's one-yard line; if an offensive play results in the ball being advanced
between the one-yard line and goal line, the ball is moved back to the 1
there is no fair catch instead no players from the kicking team except the
kicker and any player who was behind him when he kicked the ball may approach
within five yards of the ball until it is or has been in the opponents'
all offensive backfield players, except the quarterback, may be in motion at
the snap; players in motion may move in any direction as long as they are behind
the line of scrimmage at the snap (in American football, only one backfield
player is allowed to be in motion, and he cannot move toward the line of
scrimmage until after the snap)
Canadian football allows each team only two 1 minute
time-out in each half (however, during the last three minutes of each
half the clock is stopped after every play and a final play is allowed if time
expires between plays, therefore additional time-outs would be of little value)
the offensive team must run a play every 20 seconds, while in American
football a 45-second interval between plays is allowed.
a kicker, or a player behind the kicker when he kicks the ball, may recover
his own kick and advance with the ball.
the defensive line can only hold up a receiver within 1 yard of the
scrimmage lines, rather than 5 as in the NFL, allowing for more open plays
there is no single-point score in American football, the same events that
result in a single in Canadian football result only in the award of a touchback
receivers only need to have one foot in bounds for a catch to count as a
reception, as in American high school and college football
when the ball is fumbled, the last team to touch the ball before it goes out
of bounds gets possession (rather than the last team to possess the ball as in
the goal posts are at the front of the end zone (goal line) rather than the
back (end line)
missed field goals which do not hit the uprights are live; if the ball is
not returned out of the end zone, the kicking team receives a single point, but
the returner has the possibility of returning the missed kick for a touchdown;
failing this, his team will receive possession at the point to which he returns
the ball. Note: if a single is scored (Rouge) the ball will be put in play at
the receiving teamís 35 yard line. Or
if the player can return it out of the end zone, the worst position a returning
team can expect is the 20 yard line.
extra points are from the 5-yard line (rather than the 2- or 3-yard line),
but the offence can score a single for kicking a convert or 2 points for running
or passing the ball into the end zone exactly as in American football.
The ball is dead and no return is permitted on an unsuccessful convert.
following a successful field goal, the team scored upon has the option of
receiving a kickoff or scrimmaging at its own 35 yard line (opposed to there
being a kickoff after every score in American Football.)
the ball used in Canadian football has a different shape (the Canadian ball
being rounded rather then pointed at the ends due to its spheroid shape) and has
slightly different dimensions then the ball used in the American game. The ball
is also painted with 1-inch white stripes, similar to the way it was formerly
done in American football.
the larger field, greater number of players, deeper end zones, more frequent
plays, clock stoppages after every play in the last three minutes of the game,
returns of every punt and kick, liberalized motion rules, a yard between
offensive and defensive lines at the scrimmage, and three downs instead of four,
the Canadian game often features more wide-open play than is seen in the
American game. Specifically, these differences diminish the value of the
conservative "three-yards-and-a-cloud-of-dust" tactic that American
teams sometimes employ and encourage forward passing and scoring.
numbering is different in Canada :
1 to 39
40 to 69 are
70 to 99 are
All players must wear numerals on their jerseys in
accordance with Rule 5, Section 3, Article 3c (see NOTE 1), and such numerals
must be by playing position as follows: quarterbacks, punters, and
place-kickers, 1-19 (and 10-19 for wide receivers if 80-89 are all otherwise
assigned); running backs and defensive backs, 20-49; centers, 50-59 (60-79 if
50-59 unavailable); offensive guards and tackles, 60-79; wide receivers and
tight ends, 80-89; defensive lineman, 60-79 (90-99 if 60-79 unavailable); and
linebackers 50-59 (90-99 if 50-59 unavailable).
from goal line to goal line 110
From Goal line
to Dead ball line
Sideline to Sideline